Before talking about the application of laser in the treatment of gum disease, let us get to know what exactly is gum disease. Gum disease or periodontal diseases are infections that occur in our gums and in-around our teeth. It affects various parts of our mouth such as gum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Gum diseases are of two types- gingivitis and periodontitis.

GINGIVITIS

This is the first phase of gum disease. In this stage, the gums get swollen and turn red. It also starts bleeding easily. You might not notice it or deem it to be dangerous at this stage. The best thing is at this stage, it is reversible. With proper hygiene, you will be able to recover from it completely.

PERIODONTITIS

This is the second and final phase of gum disease. In this stage, the tissues and the bone structure starts breaking down due to the high level of toxin accumulation. The teeth start becoming loose and will eventually start falling.

LASER TREATMENT AND SURGICAL TREATMENT

As stated earlier, when the disease is at stage one, it is easily reversible. All you need to do is brush your teeth regularly, floss once a while; maintain general oral hygiene and you are done. But in the second stage, self-care is not an option anymore. The damage is pretty severe and you need to book an appointment to the best orthodontist in Kolkata right away. There, you will be provided with two options- Gum Surgery and Laser Treatment. Both of these procedures have their advantages and disadvantages. In this blog, we will be talking about the latter one.

LASER TREATMENT

Procedure

In this procedure, the laser is used to kill the germs over the large-infected area. This is done by pointing the laser beam to the infected part to kill the pathogen carefully. The laser kills the germ without harming the healthy cell.

BENEFITS OF LASER TREATMENT

According to the best dentist in Kolkata, laser treatment has a lot of advantages over the surgical procedure. They are:

  1. No cutting is involved in making this procedure much less invasive compared to its surgical counterpart.

  2. This procedure is far less painful. It only requires local anesthesia and even the recovery pain is much less.

  3. The whole treatment takes 2 two-hour procedures followed by only two follow-ups.

  4. The recovery time is much shorter compared to the surgical procedure. To be on the safe side, 24 hours of rest is more than sufficient.

  5. This treatment can be provided to everyone including diabetes patients or patients suffering from HIV, hemophilia.

Most Dental doctor in Kolkata recommends this procedure over the surgical one. It is a much safer and healthier option. But why go there. Let’s try to take care of our teeth and not put ourselves in this situation, to begin with. Brushing our teeth twice a day, floss them once a while, eat high calcium food. Small steps to have great oral health.